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Exhibition

Exhibition Hall 1

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Exhibition Hall 1

1Dawn of History

The Yeongsan River flowing through Jeollanam-do provided the settlers in the area with abundance in the ancient times and triggered the flourishing of culture ever since. It was 80,000 years ago when people began settling around this region and used tools made of stone. Several groups that gained power by developing their farming practices in the Neolith and Bronze ages gathered together to form a small country.

  • Hand axe, excavated from Domin-dong, Naju

    Hand axe,
    excavated from Domin-dong, Naju

  • Fish hook, excavated from a shell mound on Yeoseo Island of Wando

    Fish hook,
    excavated from a shell mound on Yeoseo Island of Wando

  • Earthenware in plain pattern, excavated from Jangcheon-ri, Yeongam

    Earthenware in plain pattern,
    excavated from Jangcheon-ri, Yeongam

  • Stone blade, excavated from Bonggye-dong, Yeosu

    Stone blade,
    excavated from Bonggye-dong, Yeosu

2Formation of Mahan

In the Samhan period of Korean history, which began in the 1st century B.C., there were three confederacies, Mahan, Jinhan and Byeonhan, of which the Mahan people, who settled in Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheong-do and Jeolla-do, were the strongest and most powerful. Mahan, a confederacy comprised of some 50 small countries, lost its leadership to Baekje, which grew in the Han River Valley, but the people still maintained their independent culture in the Yeongsan River Valley until the mid-6th century. It’s been said that the Mahan people danced and played music while performing a ritual to thank the gods for their abundant harvest in fall and considered jade as most precious.

  • Bronzeware with bird patterns, excavated from Hwapyeong-ri, Yeonggwang

    Bronzeware with bird patterns,
    excavated from Hwapyeong-ri, Yeonggwang

  • Necklace, excavated from a pit burial in Maekpo-ri, Muan

    Necklace,
    excavated from a pit burial in Maekpo-ri, Muan

  • Jar with a hole, excavated from Osan-ri, Jindo

    Jar with a hole,
    excavated from Osan-ri, Jindo

  • Earthenware in a bird shape, excavated from Taemok-ri, Damyang

    Earthenware in a bird shape,
    excavated from Taemok-ri, Damyang

3Tumulus Culture in the Yeongsan River Valley

In the Yeongsan River Valley, there remain hundreds of tombs built by the Mahan people, and inside each tomb, there was ‘Dokneolmudeom,’ a coffin made by attaching two massive jars (hangari) together. The gilt-bronze crown, gilt-bronze shoes and large knives, spears and arrows decorated with images of a phoenix that were excavated from the coffins demonstrate the culture of the Mahan people. The development and disappearance of Dokneolmudeom are important evidence of the heyday and the eventual fall of the Mahan.

  • Gilt-bronze crown, Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan, Sinchon-ri, Naju

    Gilt-bronze crown,
    Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan,
    Sinchon-ri, Naju

  • Gilt-bronze shoes, Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan, Sinchon-ri, Naju

    Gilt-bronze shoes,
    Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan,
    Sinchon-ri, Naju

  • 은장삼엽문 환두도자, Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan, Sinchon-ri, Naju

    은장삼엽문
    환두도자
    , Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan,
    Sinchon-ri, Naju

  • Dragon-shaped earthware, Manuichong Tomb No. 1 in Haenam

    Dragon-shaped earthware,
    Manuichong Tomb No. 1 in Haenam

  • Jar coffin, Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan, Sinchon-ri, Naju

    Jar coffin,
    Tomb No. 9 Eulgwan,
    Sinchon-ri, Naju

4River Channel, Sea Channel

The Yeongsan River was an important water route to the Seonam Coast, through which many a variety of goods were transported. During the Unified Silla Period, Cheonghaejin was situated in Wando, where ships departed to and arrived from China and Japan, and Naju emerged as the center of the Yeongsan River route in the Goryeo Period. Many historic sites such as fortresses, ritual sites and storages can be found along this water route and the artifacts discovered from the ships that sank to the sea bottom give an insight into the past.

  • Flat bottle, Cheonghaejin in Wando

    Flat bottle,
    Cheonghaejin in Wando

  • Concave tile, Yongjang Fortress in Jindo

    Concave tile,
    Yongjang Fortress in Jindo

  • Concave tile, Yongjang Fortress in Jindo

    Concave tile,
    Yongjang Fortress in Jindo

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